Joseph Stalin was one of the most determined, confident, demanding and powerful individuals between the late 1920’s and early 1930s’s in Russia.
- Who? He was the dictator of the Soviet Union who introduced the first Five-Year in the year 1928.
- What? The Five Year Plan concentrated on government control of the economy, agriculture and took control of farms.
- Where? Soviet Russia
- When? The plan was introduced in 1928
- Why? This event was so important and impacted society drastically due to Stalin’s strict rules, goals for the workers and threats.
Below is a visual of what Soviet Russia looked like during this time under the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin.
Stalin’s main goal of the First Five Year Plan through out the 1930’s was to expand and spread the use of iron, steel, machine-tools, electric power and transport. Why does this matter? It is because based on this website, “He demanded a 110% increase in coal production, 200% increase in iron production and 335% increase in electric power. He justified these demands by claiming that if rapid industrialization did not take place, the Soviet Union would not be able to defend itself against an invasion from capitalist countries in the west.”
His plan was to turn Soviet Russia around and transform it into an industrial superpower. Stalin was not simply making a plan and allowing the workers to choose if they want to follow it or not, but instead used the use of terror and threat. The workers who refused to follow Stalin’s rules led to exiles.
Above is an example of propaganda used to show that industrialization and production increase is running on a time constraint and that the workers need to work quickly an efficiently in order to Soviet Russia to progress and keep up with the Western countries.
Positives to the Five Year Plan : “The increases in production were dramatic. During the first five year plan (1929-1934) there was a fifty percent increase in overall industrial output and an average annual growth rate of eighteen percent. It helped the better the economy and industry.
Negatives to the Five Year Plan : Workers were shot and killed if they did not work up to their potential or follow Stalin’s demands.
This plan did make changes through out Soviet Russia, but it was not under a Democracy, but rather a horrific dictatorship and communist run country. Stalin was top 10 most evil people in all of history.